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Peter_K._Swart
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Educational Background
Research Interests
Courses Taught
Recent Publications
Contact Information

Peter K. Swart

Professor of Marine Geosciences

Educational Background

  Ph.D. Geochemistry, Kings College, University of London, 1980.
     

Research Interests

 

Sedimentary geochemistry, stable isotope geochemistry, organic geochemistry, global climate change, coral reef sedimentation.


   

Courses Taught

 

* Geochemistry, MGG 513
* Diagenesis of Carbonate Sediments, MGG 671
* Stable Isotopes in Biological and Geological Sciences, MGG 650
* Introductory Oceanography MSC 101

   

Recent Publications

 

2010, Mateo, I, Durbin, E.G., Appeldorn, R., Adams, A., Juanes, F., Kingsley, R., Swart, P.K., The role of mangroves as nurseries for French grunt Haemulon flavolineatum and schoolmaster Lutjanus apodus assessed by otolith elemental fingerprints, Marine Ecology Progress Series,  doi: 10.3354/meps08445.

2010, Mateo, I, Durbin, E.G., Bengston, D.A., Kingsley, R., Swart, P.K., Durant, D., Spatial and temporal variation in otolith chemistry of  tautog (Tautoga onitis), Fisheries Bulletin, 108; 155-161.

2010, Swart, P.K., Greer, L., Rosenheim, B.E., Moses, C., Winter, A., Helmle, K., and Dodge, R.E. 13C Suess effect in scleractinian corals mirror changes in the anthropogenic CO2 inventory of the surface oceans, Geophysical Res. Letts.

2009, Rosenheim, R.E, Swart, P.K. and Willenz, P. Calibration of sclerosponges oxygen isotope records to temperature using high-resolution data, Geochimica et Cosmochimica Acta, 17, 5308-5319.                                     

2009, Stalker, J., Price, R.M., and Swart, P.K. Determining Spatial and Temporal Inputs of Freshwater, Including Groundwater Discharge, to a Sub-tropical Estuary using Geochemical Tracers, Biscayne Bay, South Florida, Estuaries, DOI 10.1007/s12237-009-9155-y.    

2009, Swart, P.K., Reijmer, J.J.G., Otto, R., Geochemical Facies of Great Bahama Bank, Perspective in Carbonate Geology: A Tribute to the Career of Robert Nathan Ginsburg, IAS Special Publication 41 (Swart, P.K. , Eberli, G.P, McKenzie, J Ed), 41: 47-60.

2009, Reijmer J.J., Swart P.K., Roth S., Bauch T., Zechel  S., Otto, R. A reevaluation of facies variations on Great Bahama Bank. In: Swart PK, Eberli GP, McKenzie JA (eds) Perspectives in Carbonate Geology: A Tribute to the Career of Robert Nathan Ginsburg, IAS Special Publication 41. Blackwell, Oxford, 41: 29-46.                                                           

2009, Gischler, E. Swart, P.K., Lomando, A. Stable isotopes of carbon and oxygen in modern sediments of carbonate platforms, barrier reefs, atolls, and ramps: patterns and implications, Perspective in Carbonate Geology: A Tribute to the Career of Robert Nathan Ginsburg, IAS  Special Publication 41 (Swart, P.K. , Eberli, G.P, McKenzie, J. Ed), 41:61-74.

2008, Oleinik, A., Marincovich, L. Jr., Barinov, K.B., Swart, P.K., Magnitude of Middle Miocene warming in North Pacific high latitudes: stable isotope evidence from Kaneharaia (Bivalve, Dosiniiae), Bulletin of the Geological Survey of Japan, 59:39-53.

2008, Price, R.M., Swart, P.K. and Willoughby H.E. , Seasonal and spatial variation in the stable isotopic composition (d18O and dD) of precipitation in south Florida, Journal of Hydrology, 358, 193-205.

2008, Swart, P.K. Global Synchronous Changes in the Carbon Isotopic Composition of Carbonate Sediments Unrelated to Changes in the Global Carbon Cycle, Proc Nat. Acad. Sci., 37, 13741-13745.

2008, Ehrenberg, S.N., Svana, T.A. and Swart, P.K.  Uranium depletion across the Permian–Triassic boundary in Middle East carbonates: Signature of oceanic anoxia, Amer. Assoc. Petrol . Bull., 92:691-707.

2008, Lamb, K. and Swart, P.K. The carbon and nitrogen isotopic values of particulate organic material from the Florida Keys: a temporal and spatial study, Coral Reefs, 27:351-362.

2007, Katz, D., Swart, P .K., Eberli, G.P. Carbon isotopic variation in the Madison formation Wyoming, Palaeogeography, Palaeoclimatology, Palaeoecology, 256, 231-253.

2007, U. G. Wortmann, B. Chernyavsky. S. M. Bernasconi, B. Brunner, M. E. Böttcher, Swart, P.K.  Oxygen isotope biogeochemistry of pore water sulfate in the deep biosphere: Dominance of isotope exchange reactions with ambient water during microbial sulfate reduction (ODP Site 1130),Geochimica et Cosmochimica Acta, 71, 4221-4232.

2007, Rosenheim, B.E., Swart, P.K., Eisenhauer, A. Constraining initial 230Th activity in Incrementally Deposited Biogenic Aragonite from the Bahamas, Geochimica et Cosmochimica Acta, 71, 4025-4035.

2007, Price, R.M., Nuttle, W. and Swart, P.K.  Variation in evaporation from a subtropical estuary: Florida Bay, Estuaries, 30, 1-10.

2007, Rosenheim, B.E. and Swart, P.K. Caribbean sclerosponge radiocarbon measurements re-interpreted in terms of U/Th age models, Nuclear Instruments and Methods B, 259, 274-278.

2006, Katz, D., Eberli, G.P. Swart, P.K., and L.B. Smith Jr., Tectonic-hydrothermal brecciation associated with calcite precipitation and permeability destruction in Mississippian carbonate reservoirs, Montana and Wyoming, AAPG Bulletin , 90, 1803-1841.

2006, Moses C.S., Swart P.K., Dodge R.E. Calibration of stable oxygen  isotopes in Siderastrea radians (Cnidaria:Scleractinia): Implications for slow-growing corals. Geochem. Geophys. Geosys., 7, Q09007, doi:10.1029/2005GC001196.

2006, Andres, M., Sumner, D.Y., Reid, P., Swart. P.K., Isotopic Fingerprints of Microbial Respiration in Aragonite from Bahamian Stromatolites, Geology, 34, 973-976.

2006, Moses, C.M., Rosenheim, B.E. and Swart, P.K. Evidence of Multi-decadal salinity variability in the Eastern Tropical Atlantic, Palaeoceanography, 21, PA3010, doi10.1029/2005PA001257.

2006, Eakin, M., C., Swart, P.K., Quinn, T.M., Helmle, K.P., Smith, J.P. and Dodge, R.E., Application of palaeoclimatology to coral reef monitoring and management, Proceedings of the 10th International Coral Reef Symposium, Okinawa, 588-596.

2006, Moses, C. S. and Swart, P. K., Stable isotope and growth records in corals from the island of Tobago, Not simply a record of the Orinoco, Proceedings of the 10th International Coral Reef Symposium, Okinawa, 508-587.                                                           

2006, Swart, P.K. Citation for presentation of the 2004 F.W. Clarke  award to Andrea Grottoli, Geochimica et Comochimica Acta,

2006, Price, R. M.,  Swart , P. K. & Fourqurean, J. W.,  Coastal groundwater discharge - an additional source of phosphorus for the oligotrophic wetlands of the Everglades, In: Interaction of hydrology and nutrients in controlling ecosystem function in oligotrophic coastal environments of South Florida, Ed: Joel C. Trexler, Evelyn E. Gaiser, & Daniel L. Childers, Hydrobiologia, 569, 23-36.

2006, Price, R. M., Swart, P. K.  Geochemical Indicators of Groundwater Recharge in the  Surficial Aquifer System:   Everglades National Park, Florida, USA, Geological Society of America Bulletin Special Paper, 404, 251-266.

2006, Greer, L. and Swart, P. K. Decadal Cyclicity of Regional Mid-Holocene Precipitation: Evidence from Dominican Coral Proxies, Paleoceanography, 21, PA2020, doi:10.1029/2005PA001166.

2005, Rosenheim, B. E., P. K. Swart, et al. Minor and trace elements in sclerosponge Ceratoporella nicholsoni:  Biogenic aragonite near the inorganic end member Palaeogeography, Palaeoclimatology, Palaeoecology , 228, 109-129.

2005, Alvarez Zarikian, C.A., Swart, P. K., Gifford, J. A. and Blackwelder, P.L. Holocene Paleohydrology of Little Salt Spring, Florida, based on ostracod assemblages and stable isotopes. Palaeogeography, Palaeoecology, Palaeoclimatology, 225, 134-156.           

2005, Swart, P.K., Lamb, K. and Saeid, A., Temporal and Spatial Variation in the d15N and d13C of coral tissue and zooxanthellae in Montastraea faveolata collected from the Florida reef tract, Limnology and Oceanography, 50, 1049-1058.

2005, Swart, P.K. and Eberli, G.P. The Nature of the d13C of Periplatform Sediments: Implications for stratigraphy and the global carbon cycle, Sedimentary Geology, 175: 115-129.

2005, Swart, P.K., Cantrell, D. Westphall, H., Handford, R. and Kendall, C. Origin of dolomite in the Arab-D reservoir from the Ghawar field, Saudi Arabia: evidence from petrographic and geochemical constraints, Journal of Sedimentary Research, 75: 476-491.

2005, Reuning L., Reijmer, J.J.G., Betzler, C., Swart, P.K., and  Bauch, T.  The use of paleoceanographic proxies in carbonate periplatform settings-opportunities and pitfalls, Sedimentary Geology, 175:13-152.

2005, Betzler, C., Saxena, S.,  Swart, P.K.  Isern, A.  James, N.P. Cool-water carbonate sedimentology and eustacy; Pleistocene upper slope environments, Sedimentary Geology, 175: 169-188.

2005, Rosenheim, B.E. Swart, P.K., Thorrold, S.R., Eisenhauer, A., Willenz, P.  Salinity change in the Subtropical Atlantic:  Secular increase and teleconnections to the North Atlantic Oscillation, Geophysical Research Letters. , L02603, doi:10.1029/2004GL021499,2005.                                                

2005, Swart, P. K., A.  Szmant, J. Porter, R.  E. Dodge , J. Tougas and J.  Southam, The Isotopic Composition of Respired Carbon Dioxide in Scleractinian Corals: Implications for Cycling of Organic Carbon in Corals, Geochimica et Cosmochimca Acta, 69: 1495-1509.

2004, Melim, L.A., Swart, P.K. and Eberli, G.P. Mixing-zone diagenesis in the subsurface of Florida and The Bahamas, Journal of Sedimentary Research, 74, 904-913

2004, Swart, P. K. The source of high heat and freshwater content of the upper ocean at the SHEBA site in the Beaufort Sea in 1997, Jour. Geophys. Res., 109, C10.1029/200JC001,734, 2004.                                                                                   

2004, Rosenheim, B.E., Swart, P. K. Thorrold, S.R., Willenz, P., Berry, L., Latkoczy, C., High-resolution Sr/Ca records in sclerosponges calibrated to temperature in situ, Geology,32, 145-148.

2004, Cantrell, D., Swart, P.K., and Hagerty, R.M., Genesis and characterization of dolomite Arab-D reservoir, Ghawar Field Saudi Arabia, GeoArabia, 9:1-26.

2003, Swart, P.K. and Grottoli, A. Proxy indicators of climate in coral skeletons: a perspective, Coral Reefs, 22: 313-315

2003, Happell, J. D., Price, R. M., Top, Z. & Swart, P. K.  Evidence for the removal of CFC-11, CFC-12, and CFC-113 at the groundwater-surface water interface in the Everglades. Journal of Hydrology 279(1-4), 94-105.

2003, Moses, C.S., Helmle, K. Swart, P. K., Dodge, R.E. and Merino, S.E., Pavements of Siderastrea radians on Cape Verde reefs , Coral Reefs 22, 506.

2003, Scholz, C.A, King, J.W., Ellis, G.S., Swart, P. K., Stager, J.C., Colman, S.M. Paleolimnology of Lake Tanganyika, East Africa over the past 100 K yr, Jour. Paleolimnology, 30, 139-150.

2003, Kramer, M.,  Sollins, P.  Sletten, R.S.,  Swart, P. K.  N isotope fractionation and measures of organic matter alteration during decomposition, Ecology,84:2021-2025.

2003, Price, R.M., Top, Z., Happell, J.D., Swart, P .K. Use of tritium and helium to define groundwater flow conditions in Everglades National Park, Water Resources Research, 39: 1267, doi:10.1029/2002WR001929,2003.

2002, Swart, P.K., Thorrold, S., Eisenhauer, A., Rosenheim, B., Harrison, C.G.A., Grammer, M., and Latkoczy, C., Intra-annual variation in the stable oxygen and carbon and trace element composition of sclerosponges, Paleoceanography 17(3), 1029/2000PA000622.

2002, Melim, L.A, Westphal, H., Swart, P.K., Eberli, G.P. and Munnecke, A. Questioning carbonate diagenetic paradigms:Evidence from the Neogene in the Bahamas, Marine Geology, 185, 27-53.

2002, Swart, P.K., Elderfield, H. and M. Greaves, A high-resolution calibration of Sr/Ca thermometry using the Caribbean coral Montastraea annularis, G-cubed.

2002, Swart, P.K. and Price, R. Origin of salinity variations in Florida Bay, Limnol. Oceanogr. 47:1234-1241.

2002, Swart, P.K., Torrold, S., Eisenhauer, A.., Rosenheim, B., Harrison, C.G.A., Grammer, M., and Latkoczy, C., Intra-annual variation in the stable oxygen and carbon and trace element composition of sclerosponges, Paleoceanography.

2002, Kingsley, R., Schilling G., Dixon, J., Swart, P.K., R. Poreda, and K. Simmons, D/H ratios in basalt glasses from the Salas y Gomez mantle plume interacting with the East Pacific Rise: Water from old D-rich recycled crust or primordial water from the lower mantle? G-cubed, 3, NO. 4, 10.1029/2001 GC000199.

2001, Swart, P.K., Price, R., and Greer, L. The relationship between stable isotopic variations (O,H, and C) and salinity in water and corals from environments in South Florida: Implications for reading the paleoenvironmental record, Bulletin of American Paleontology, 361:17-29.

2001, Thorrold, S., LatKoczy, C., Swart, P.K., and Jones, C. Natal homing in marine fish population, Science, 291:297-299.

2001, Cantrell, D.L., Swart, P.K., Handford, R.C., Kendall, C.G., and Westphall, H. Geology and production significance of dolomite, Arab-D reservoir, Ghawar Field, Saudi Arabia, Geoarabia, 6: 45-60.

2000, Swart, P.K. and Melim, L.A. The Origin of Dolomites in Tertiary Sediments from the Margin of Great Bahama Bank, Jour. Sed. Res., 70, 738-748.

1999, Swart, P.K., Healy, G., Greer, L., Lutz, M., Saied, A. Anderegg, D., Dodge, R.A. and Rudnick. D., The use of proxy chemical records in coral skeletons to ascertain past environmental conditions in Florida Bay, Estuaries, 22: 384-397.

1998, Swart, P.K., Moore, M.D. Charles, and Bohm, F. Sclerosponges may hold new keys to marine climate EOS, 79: 633-636.

1998, Thorrold, S., Jones, C.M., Swart, P.K. and Targett, T.E. Accurate classification of juvenile weakfish (Cynoscion regalis) to estuarine nursery areas based on chemical signatures in otoliths. Marine Ecology Progress Series, 173: 253-265

1998, Swart, P.K., White, K., Enfield, D., Dodge, R.A., Milne, P. Corals from the Gulf of Guinea as Indicators of Periods of Extreme Precipitation Conditions, Jour. Geophys. Res., 103:27885-27891.

1997, Eberli, G.P., Swart, P.K. McNeill, D.F., Kenter, J.A.M., Anselmetti, F.S., Melim, L.A. and Ginsburg, R.N., A synopsis of the Bahamas Drilling Project: results from two deep core borings drilled on Great Bahama Bank, In: Eberli, G.P., Swart, P.K., Malone, M. et al. Proc. ODP Init. Repts., 166:College Station, TX (Ocean Drilling Program).

1996, Swart, P.K., Dodge, R.E. and Hudson, H.J. A 240-year stable oxygen and carbon isotopic record in a coral from South Florida: Implications for the prediction of precipitation in southern Florida, Palaios, 11:362-375.

1996, Swart, P.K. and Leder, J.J. The utility of the stable isotopic signature in coral skeletons, In: Paleobiology and biology of corals, Ed: G.D. Stanley Jr., The paleontological society papers, 1:249-291.

1996, Leder, J.J., Swart, P.K., Szmant, A and Dodge, R.E. The origin of variations in the isotopic record of Scleractinian corals: I Oxygen, Geochimica Cosmochimica Acta, 60:2857-2870.

1996, Swart, P.K., Leder, J.J. Szmant, A and Dodge, R.E. The origin of variations in the isotopic record of Scleractinian corals: II Carbon, Geochimica Cosmochimica Acta, 60:2871-2886.

1996, Swart, P.K., Healy,G Dodge, R. Kramer, P., Hudson, H., Halley R., & M. Robblee The Stable Oxygen and Carbon Isotopic Record from a Coral Growing in Florida Bay: A 160 Year Record of Climatic and Anthropogenic Influence, Palaeogeography, Palaeoclimatology, Palaeoecology, 123:219-238.

1995, Stanley, G.D. Jr., and Swart, P.K., Evolution of the coral-zooxanthellae symbiosis during the Triassic: A geochemical approach, Paleobiology, 21:179-199.

1995, Melim, L.A., Swart, P.K. and Maliva, R.G. Meteoric-like fabrics forming in marine waters: Implications for the use of petrography to identify diagenetic environments, Geology, 23:755-758.

1995, Ortner, PB, Lee, TN, Milne PJ, Zidka, RG, Clarke, ME, Podesta, GP, Swart, PK, Testa, PA, Atkinson, LP, & Johnson, WR, Mississippi river flood waters reached the Gulf Stream, J. Geophys. Res,

   

Contact Information

 

Prof. Peter Swart
RSMAS/MGG University of Miami
4600 Rickenbacker Causeway
Miami, FL 33149

(305) 421-4103 (phone)
(305) 421 46 32 (fax)


pswart@rsmas.miami.edu
   
 

 

 

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